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Medinipur Town is the headquarters of Paschim Medinipur.
Geography of Paschim Medinipur
Paschim Medinipur is situated in the south western side of West Bengal.It is bounded by Bankura and Purulia district to the north side. Mayurbhanj district and Balasore district of of Orrisa in the south side, Hooghly district and Purba Medinipur district in the east side and Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and Purulia district of West Bengal in the west side.
Agro-Eco System of The District
1.0 Basic Information
Sr
Particulars
Number
01
 Geographical Area
9295.28 sq.km
02
 No of Sub-division
4
03
 No of Blocks
29
04
 Panchayat Samity
29
05
 No of municipality
8
06
 No of gram Panchayat
290
07
 Gram Sansad
3491
08
 No of Police Station
28
09
 Total no of Mouza
8735
10
 Inhabited Mouza
7498
11
 Electrified Mouza
4657
12
 No of House hold
900700
13
 Population density
561.4 sq.Km
14
 Total rural family
835345
15
 Cultivator
636457
16
 Patta holder
652331
17
 Recoded Bargader
149173
18
 No. of ITDP Block
19
19
 No. of SPDA Block
16
20
 No. of DLP Block
10
21
 No. of NPDP Block
8
22
 No. of NWDPRA Block
20
23
 No. of ICDP Block
17
24
 No. of Krishi Vigyan Kendra
1
25
 No. of CADC Block
1

1. Population (as per Census - 2011)
Sr
Particulars
Number
01
 Actual Population
5943300
02
 Male
3032630
03
 Female
2910670
04
 Rural
5228308 (87.97 %)
05
 Urban
714992 (12.03 %)
06
 Schedule Caste
(18.07%)
07
 Schedule Tribes
(14.85%)
08
 Sex Ratio
960

1.3 Farmers’ group (as per Census - 2001)
Sr
Particulars
Number
01
 Small Farmers (1.01 ha. to 2.0 ha.)
180133
02
 Marginal Farmers (below 1.0 ha.)
447397
03
 Medium Farmers (10.01 & above ha.)
18326
04
 Agricultural Labourer
442706

1.4 Literacy (as per Census 2011)
Sr
Particulars
Percentage to total population
01
 Average Literacy rate
79.04% (4,173,522)
02
 Male
86.66% (2,333,679)
03
 Female
71.11% (1,839,843)
04
 Rural
78.80% (3,606,955)
05
 Urban
85.53% (566,567)

1.5 Soil Types:
Sr
Particulars
Area in ha (Net Crop Area Basis)
01
 Red and lateritic
262782 ha
02
 Vindhya alluvial
180480 ha
03
 Recent alluvial
130313 ha

1.6 Land use Statistics:
Sr
Particulars
Area (ha)
01
 Net cropped area
595210 ha
02
 Area under non Agriculture use
126328 ha
03
 Area under forest
144613 ha
04
 Area under current fallow (2010-11)
162259 ha
05
 Cultivable waste land
47982 ha
06
 Gross cropped area
788551 ha
07
 Area cultivated more than once
312495 ha
08
 Cropping intensity
132.48 %

1.7 Irrigation Facilities & Area Covered:
Sr
Particulars
01
 Major rivers Subarnarekha,Kangsabati,Keleghai,Silaboti,Dulang & Kushmi
02
 Major irrigation Project Kangsabati Irrigation Project, Subarnarekha Barrage Project
03
 Medium Projects Water harvesting scheme implemented under NREGA
04
 Area under irrigation 268677 ha
05
 % of irrigation 45.14 %

1.8 Sources of Irrigation (2010-11)
Sr.
Particulars
Area (ha)
Number
01
 HDTW
9635
339
02
 MDTW
66186
7213
03
 LDTW
2276
243
04
 STW
103690
43836
05
 RLI
14808
446
06
 ODW
6466
12184
07
 Tanks
26508
31814
08
 Canal
19790
09
 Others
19318
4746

1.9
Climate Profile:
Sr
Particulars
01  Rainfall 1200 - 1400 mm
02 Temperature 16 o C to 42 o C Maximum, 10.3 o C to  27.6  o C Minimum
03  Humidity 70-87 % Morning  and   41-68 % Evening

2. Agricultural Censes:

2.1. Land Use Pattern:
Sr
Particulars
Number
01
 Geographical Area
9,295.28 sq km
02
 Cultivable Area
598647 ha
Area under Agronomical Crops
ha
03
 Kharif   
ha
04
 Rabi
ha
05
 Summer
ha

2.2. Area, Production & Productivity of Major Crops Cultivated :(2011-12)

Sr.
Name of Crop
Area (ha)
Production (q)
Productivity (q./ha)
01.
 Cereals (Rice Wheat maize)
667.2
1652.7
2477
02.
 Pulse (Mungo, Red Gram, Lentil, Green Gram)
6.9
4.3
624
03.
 Oilseed (Mustard, Sesamum, Groundnut)
84.6
79.6
942
04.
 Potato
71.3
1519.6
21302
05.
 Jute
5.2
74.9
14.4
06.
 Sugarcane
1.9
175.0
91372
07.
 Vegetable
43.85
575.18
13116
08.
 Fruits
4.07
71.13
17624

2.3. Production and Productivity of Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries etc.
Sr.
Animal
Number
01
 Cow
3,01,024
02
 Bullock
1,57,806
03
 Buffalo
60,714
04
 Goat
1,82,090
05
 Sheep
3,931
   



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Paddy Cultivation

Wheat Cultivation

Mustard Cultivation

Maize Cultivation

Vegitable

Fish Culture

Pig Farming

Duckery Farming

Poultry Farming